The program activities planned during 2020 were greatly constrained by the COVID-19 pandemic. However the program was adapted to focus on the establishment of partnerships critical for the development of its aims as well as marketing the relevance and collaborative needs. The program organized one coordination meeting in Kenya at the beginning of the year. During a physical meeting in India in January and during several virtual meetings along the year, partners from different countries and continents were summoned to collaborate with the core team. We identified synergies with other organizations and established collaborative initiatives such as joint website  development - notably with the League of Pastoralist People and their reserved web space (http://www.herding.community/) – as well as joined efforts in the design of data leveraging and mapping. We have completed the submission of a pastoralism research framework paper (revision, 2nd round, OneEarth) and have conducted synthesis work to understand the state of the art in knowledge for two key pastoralism indicators: pastoralism mobility and traditional local knowledge. 

These baseline work has been submitted as two separate publications and are being further developed to delineate a protocol for global data collection and comparison. The programme was a good base to secure complementary funding from the University of Helsinki (HELSUS) and further fundraising is being pursued from the Academy of Finland to secure the coordination and long-term continuation of the program.

Meetings/conferences/ workshops organized by the programme (date, place, number of participants, countries involved): 

16th -19th February, Limuru (Kenya) – coordination meeting for project kick-off coinciding with Pathways Africa 2020 conference. 3 participants of the advisory board (Kenya and Finland), plus other 10 participants from Kenya, the USA, the UK, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, and the Netherlands. 

March: Working group/Writing retreat Helsinki (board members and invited authors) to complete figures and writing for framework paper along advisory board meeting 

Other planned meetings had to be cancelled due to the COVID-19 impact:  

At the Joint XXIV IGC and XI IRC Congress in Nairobi (delayed until October 2021) 

At FAO’s Pastoralist Hub annual Partners’ meeting (held virtually) 

 

Presentations of the programme at meetings/conferences/workshops 

  • Environment Sustainability - Exploring Solutions within Pastoralism, 29th-30th January. Ahmedabad (India): presented to pastoralist representatives, technicians and scholars from India, Afghanistan, and Nepal, as well as from the CAPA (see below) 
  • Partnering with the Pastoralist Knowledge Hub Partners’ meeting, 8th-10th December (virtual event) to pastoralist representatives, technicians, and scholars from ca. 50 countries in Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia. 

 

Articles published (title, authors, journal, DOI): 

  • Manzano, P.; Burgas, D.; Cadahía, L.; Eronen, J.; Bencherif, S.; Holland, O.; Seitsonen, O.; Byambaa, B.; Fortelius, M.; Fernández-Giménez, M.; Galvin, K.A.; Cabeza, M.; Stenseth, N.C. (forthcoming) Towards a holistic understanding of pastoralism. One Earth (last round of revision, no DOI yet). 
  • Manzano, P.; Galvin, K.A.; Cabeza, M. A global characterization of pastoral mobility types. Open Anthropology Research Repository. DOI: 10.1002/oarr.10000335.1 
  • Sharifian Bahraman, A., Fernández-Llamazares, A., Wario, H.T., Molnár, Z. and Cabeza, M. Dynamics of pastoral traditional ecological knowledge: a global state-of-the-art review (in review, AMBIO) 

 

Development of partnership: 

  • India: Center for Pastoralism, Maldhari Rural Action Group (MARAG), LIFE Network 
  • Central Asian Pastoralist Alliance (covering Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tayikistan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Russia) 
  • Pastoralist Knowledge Hub, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 
  • Colorado State University in Fort Collins, USA 
  • Pastoraméricas – Latin American pastoralist network (Argentina, covering 8 other countries) 
  • Navarra Institute for Agrifood Technologies and Infrastructures (INTIA), Spain 
  • American University of Beirut, Lebanon 
  • League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development (Germany) 
  • University of Djelfa, Algeria 

Other outcome 

  • The GIPP has officially joined other organizations for the campaign to declare 2026 as an international year of rangelands and pastoralists (IYRP) (https://iyrp.info/). The proposal of the Mongolian government was approved by FAO’s Committee on Agriculture (COAG) in September, and by FAO’s Council in December. 

  • We have produced a b-version of a scientific and educational program web portal at University of Helsinki, to be linked with the common data portal explained above. The portal will serve to post initiative, links to resources (data and publications), outreach and partnering organizations. Global Integrated Pastoralism Program | University of Helsinki 

  • We have initiated the design of a series of short videos for educational purposes, to promote a positive attitude towards pastoralism in line with the goals of the international year of rangelands and pastoralists. These videos will be developed in 2021 and posted in the Programs portal Global Integrated Pastoralism Program | University of Helsinki 

Nationalities and names of people participating in the programme: 

Below the list of more active and representative participants. However, many more countries and participants are taking place in the activities and data gathering (see networks and partner organizations) :

  • Abolfazl Sharifian (Iran) 
  • Bayarmaa Byambaa (Mongolia) 
  • Daniel Burgas (Finland),  
  • Jussi Eronen (Finland),  
  • Kathleen Galvin (USA) 
  • Loupa Pius (Uganda) 
  • Luis Cadahia?(Norway),  
  • Mar Cabeza (Finland),  
  • Maria Fernandez-Gimenez (USA), 
  • Moustapha Itani (Lebanon) 
  • Natalia Bellostas (Spain), 
  • Nils Chr. Stenseth (Norway),  
  • Nitya Ghotge (India),  
  • Pablo Frere (Argentina),  
  • Pablo Manzano?(Kenya),  
  • Slimane Bencherif (Argelia), 
  • Zhibin Zhan (China), 
  • Zsolt Molár (Hungary) 

 

Action plan for 2021 

The programme is planned to promote global coordination and mobilization of pastoral data, both for research purposes but also for management. The focus for 2021 is on establishing the standards and developing indicators to be gathered collectively, with data syntheses made publicly available. The core (advisory group and other active participants) will develop uses of the data to advance research and outreach as indicated below: 

  • Develop the database and data portal to host the data gathered through the project, and compile existing data already gathered. 

  • Issue call for data through partnering pastoralist networks, especially on grey literature that holds critical information such as number of pastoralists, number of animals, and area grazed. 

  • Organization of partners’ meeting at the Joint XXIV IGC and XI IRC Congress in Nairobi, where all partnering organizations are attending. 

  • Final publication of abovementioned manuscripts (One Earth, Current Anthropology, Ambio) 

  • Promote / Initiate research and publications based on the above established frameworks: 

    • Sustainability indicators 
    • Crossed effects of social, env. and economic indicators in the deep historic past 
    • Land degradation – crossed effect with social and economic indicators 
    • Link between movement ecology-environmental predictability and social adaptation of pastoralists (movement) and environmental predictability 
    • Participatory global appraisal of different dimensions of Traditional Ecological knowledge 
    • Quantification and mapping of pastoralism globally 
  • Videos on environmental, social, economic strengths of pastoralism